Guide to Gambling Laws in New Zealand

Currently, New Zealand’s gambling market is thriving. In a country with a population of over 4.4 million people, New Zealand’s gambling market is worth billions of dollars. Playing casino games and electronic gaming machines are incredibly popular activities and, as such, they are heavily regulated by the government to ensure that players do not develop unhealthy gambling habits or fall victim to the dangers that lurk in unregulated markets.All forms of gambling in New Zealand are regulated under either the Racing Act 2003 or the Gambling Act 2003. The racing act covers racing and sports betting while the Gambling Act covers casino games and poker. Gambling is only legal if it is regulated by either act or if it is private gambling, which includes games played at home or as part of social events. Private gambling is also legal if all players’ stakes and buy-ins are paid out as winnings.There are four types of gambling in New Zealand. Class 1 and Class 2 gambling do not require operators to hold gambling licenses while Classes 3 and 4 do. Class 1 includes small-scale sweepstakes and fundraising, which means that the total prize pool cannot exceed more than $500. Class 3 gambling includes larger-scale fundraising, where the total prize pool exceeds $5000 and there is no limit on the amount of stakes.Class 4 gambling has the most complex laws, as these rules regulate non-casino poker machines and other forms of ‘high-risk’ gambling. With Class 4 gambling games, there is a $2.50 limit on each play. These games cannot pay out more than $500 for a single play or more than $1000 for a single play on a progressive jackpot game.The areas in which Class 4 gambling takes place are also highly regulated. Class 4 games can be carried out in a wide range of venues, but there are still many places in which they are illegal. These include supermarkets, offices, homes, fairs, internet cafés and museums. In areas where Class 4 gambling is permitted, automatic bank teller machines are not permitted. Operators of these venues must also provide patrons with information about problem gambling.These regulations do not apply to games like online roulette, online poker or online slots. In New Zealand, online gambling activities have yet to be regulated by the government, so players must exercise caution when playing at online casinos. However, the governments of Australia and New Zealand are currently examining existing online gambling laws, so it is likely that regulation of that market will occur in the near future.

Solitaire Lexicon – A Glossary of Terms Used in Solitaire & Patience Card Games

When you play solitaire card games, you’ll come across a few terms which you may not be familiar with, but which can help you to understand and appreciate the game.Ascending Sequence
A run of cards that goes up in value (e.g. 9-10-J).Building
Playing one card (or group of cards) upon another, according to the rules of the game. Building may be specified one or more in several ways, according to the rules of a particular game:

By Alternate Color – Build red on black, or black on red, regardless of suit
By Color – Build red on red, or black on black, regardless of suit
By Suit – Cards must be played in a sequence of the same suit
Down – Cards must be played in a sequence of descending rank
Regardless of Suit – Build using rank alone, ignoring color and suit
Up – Cards must be played in a sequence of ascending rank Color
A standard deck has two colors: Hearts and Diamonds are red, Clubs and Spades are black.Column
A vertical pile or group of cards.Deal
To turn up cards from the deck and place them in the leayout.Deck
Most games use a standard 52-card deck of playing cards with no Jokers. There are also many games that use two 52-card decks shuffled together. A few games use non-standard or cut decks.Descending Sequence
A run of cards that goes down in value (e.g. J-10-9).Discard
Cards permanently removed from play.Face Card
A King, Queen, or Jack.Foundation
This is the ultimate destination for cards in many games. The Foundations may be part of the original layout, or they may be created during gameplay, according to the rules of the particular games.Hand
Cards remaining after a layout has been dealt. A hand must generally be kept face down until called for in the game.Layout
The initial ordering or placement of the cards on the table (or screen). The layout includes the stock, wastepile, foundations, tableau, and reserve.Pack
Another name for a deck of cards.Patience
A single-player card game. Known as “solitaire” in America.Rank
The numerical order of the cards is generally A-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-J-Q-K, with the ace ranked lowest, and the king ranked highest. In some games the ranking is continuous — downwards from 3-2-A to K-Q-J, or upwards from J-Q-K to A-2-3. Also, in some games the ace is ranked above the king. In still other games, the ace may be ranked at the top or at the bottom as a player chooses.Redeal
To pick up cards from the layout and them re-deal them. In some games the cards must be picked up in a specified order. Also, some games the cards are shuffled between redeals, and in others they are not.Reserve
Some games include a reserve, which is generally pre-filled with cards from the stock during the initial deal. These cards can often only be removed from the reserve in specific ways, which vary from game to game.Row
A horizontal pile or group of cards.Shuffle
To randomize the cards in a deck. This is typically done be hand, by splitting the deck into halves and then riffling them back together a few times. A mechanical card-shuffler may also be used. In computer solitaire, the shuffling is performed by a random-number generator.Solitaire
A single-player card game. Known as “patience” in England.Stock
Where the cards are dealt from. At the start of a hand, the stock contains the entire deck (or decks). In general, cards are removed from the stock and played to the foundations, tableau, or waste, until the stock is empty.Suit
A standard deck of playing cards has four suits: Hearts ?, Diamonds ?, Clubs ?, and Spades ?. Each suit has 13 cards (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K, A).Tableau
Single cards, groups of cards, or piles of cards, each of which may be manipulated as described in each game. The tableau is generally the part of each game that gives it its own distinct flavor.Value
The numerical value of a card. For number cards the value is simply the face value of the card (2, 3, 4, etc.). For the other cards, the ace generally has a value of 1, a jack has a value of 11, a queen has a value of 12, and a king has a value of 13.Wastepile
In many games, if a card cannot be played to a foundation or tableau pile, it is moved to a wastepile.Winning
This varies by game, but generally involves: putting all the cards into some predefined order; filling the foundations; or removing all the cards from the tableau.

Video Game Tester Needed

It’s not easy to find a position for a video game tester but it’s very possible. If you want to get a video game tester, you need to position yourself very well. What do I mean by this? Video game testing is unlike playing video games for fun. And it doesn’t mean that as a gamer like you; you are not qualified for the job, but you need to bear in mind that testing games require how well you are able to detect bugs. I have arranged some steps I think you can use to find a place where a video game tester is needed.Get In Touch
Video game tester jobs are not easy to find on magazines, websites or even classified sections of newspapers. You need to approach those video game producers and show that what you can offer. If you live in one of the big cities, you can make time to visit video game producers like Microsoft Xbox, Code Masters, Sony, Nintendo and the rest of others, and prove to them that you could make a good testing job. Tell them how many games you’ve played, the ones you own and anything convincing to make them give you a testing job. If you have friends that work in video game companies, it’s another alternative you can use to get a testing job.Most video game companies have offices in big cities and have friends that were able to get a video game testing job through this approach. Some video game companies display their ads on its website when a tester is needed, it’s your responsibility as one who is hungry for a testing job to find those ads, read them and make proper use of them to get what you need. Hopefully, you might get a video game testing job. Most public video game testing is done at home, so always check your mail to see whether you’ve got any testing job. When the games get to you, take time to read through the instructions that came with it and memorize them very well in order to get the best out of what its expected of you. Remember that your main role as a video game tester is discover bugs and file your report, so test the games over and over again. Video game producers are not really gamers, so they believe the best people for the job are gamers. Test the games over and over again until you are satisfied with the results, send your feedback to the company that assigned you the games to test.Bear in mind that time factor is very important, so don’t waste time testing the games. After submitting your first assignment, you relax and wait for your checks at the mail. Expect more testing jobs and deliver as soon as possible. Reputation is built over time, the more you impress the company with your services, the more you build your reputation. The pay for a video game testing is very attractive, you should expect to earn $20-$50 per hour or $150 per day depending on the amount of hours you spend testing the games, that’s a huge sum of money when and even more when capitalized on a monthly basis.


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